NOX-A12 (olaptesed pegol) is currently under development as a combination therapy in multiple oncology indications and is one of the few agents that we believe offers the potential to address the major unmet need in pancreatic cancer and glioblastoma. The company collaborates with MSD/Merck in the pancreatic cancer program. After NOXXON reported final top-line data from its Phase 1/2 combination trial with Merck’s Keytruda® in metastatic pancreatic and colorectal cancer , it has entered into its second clinical collaboration with Merck to conduct a Phase 2 study in second-line pancreatic cancer patients.
NOX-A12 has received orphan drug designation for glioblastoma in the United States and glioma in Europe. NOXXON’s ongoing clinical study of NOX-A12 combined with radiotherapy for clinical treatment of newly diagnosed brain cancer patients who would not benefit from standard chemotherapy has reported interim data in June 2021 showing tumor reductions in five of six patients, data consistent with an anti-cancer immune response, and no unexpected adverse events. The read-out from the third high-dose cohort is expected in early 2022.

Mechanism of action
NOX-A12 targets CXCL12 (C-X-C Chemokine Ligand 12), a key chemokine (signaling) protein. Chemokines can be thought of as road signs in the body that direct movement of cells that encounter them. Like road signs, chemokines are anchored in place (location information) and contain directions, such as “do not enter”, for cells that can “see” them with the appropriate receptors. In cancer, CXCL12 acts as a communication bridge between tumor cells and their environment, promoting tumor proliferation, new blood vessel formation and metastasis and reduces tumor apoptosis (cell death) (Source: Guo et al., 2015). NOX-A12 binds to two key sites in chemokine proteins to disrupt their activity and target them for destruction.

NOX-A12 is designed to fight solid tumors by modulating the tumor microenvironment in two distinct ways:

  • Break tumor protection enabling anti-cancer immune cells, such as killer T-cells, to enter the tumor with the aim of unleashing the full potential of immuno-oncology approaches, such as immune checkpoint inhibitors*
  • Block tumor repair through preventing the attraction of ‘repair cells’ to the tumors obstructing tumor re-growth following radiotherapy

    *Fearon, D. T. (2014). "The carcinoma-associated fibroblast expressing fibroblast activation protein and escape from immune surveillance." Cancer Immunol Res 2(3): 187-193.

Presentation by Dr. Frank Giordano at the Society for Neuro-Oncology (SNO) Annual Meeting, November 19, 2021


Recent clinical studies available at

  • Glioblastoma Treatment With Irradiation and Olaptesed Pegol (NOX-A12) in MGMT Unmethylated Patients (GLORIA)
    (ref: NCT04121455)
    Status: recruiting
  • Olaptesed (NOX-A12) Alone and in Combination With Pembrolizumab in Colorectal and Pancreatic Cancer (Keynote-559)
    (ref: NCT03168139)
    Status: completed

Recent NOX-A12 press releases

Recent NOX-A12 publications

NOX-A12 press release archive

NOX-A12 publication archive